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Archive for the ‘fabio’ Category

new political sociology symposium on social media

The ASA section on Political Sociology has published their Fall 2013 newsletter. They had a symposium on the topic of implications of social media for democracy and other good items. Articles include:

  • Zeynep Tufecki on digital empowerment.
  • Discussion of recently deceased political sociologist Juan Linz.
  • Interview with Chris Bail on his recent research
  • My essay – “Digital Democracy is Here – Let’s measure it!”

36 pages of great stuff. Recommended!!

$3 is a small price to pay for amazing career advice: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

Written by fabiorojas

January 7, 2014 at 7:16 am

deep chill

hoth-battle-print

Due to weather and multiple deadlines on Monday, orgtheory is on break today.

Advice for finishing that dissertation: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

Written by fabiorojas

January 6, 2014 at 12:11 am

rotholz shreds bach’s flute sonata in G minor, bwv 1020 I allegro

Do it for your mother, she wants you to succeed: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

Written by fabiorojas

January 5, 2014 at 12:01 am

get organized – the eisenhower way!!!!

IKE

The Uncluttered blog has a nice post about the way Eisenhower organized his work. It’s a 2×2 table, which means sociologists should love it:

Long before David Allen taught the world how to get things done, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower was getting things done with a system all his own.

He was highly organized and prioritized his tasks and responsibilities while serving as president, a five-star general, supreme commander of the Allied Forces in Europe, and supreme commander of NATO. Eisenhower devised an effective system that’s simple enough to be executed with a pencil and a piece of paper and effective enough to, well, run the free world. It’s called the Eisenhower Matrix.

Yes, the Matrix of (Eisenhower) Domination.

Go ahead, I dare you to click on these links: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

January 4, 2014 at 12:01 am

post-curator art, part deux

At Conceptual Fine Arts, they raise the question of post-curator art, which means that the job of selecting art is decentralized and de-institutionalized:

 Therefore, what does it happen if the artworks, that once circulated mostly thanks to art magazines (supported by gallerists) and exhibition catalogues, are now instantly available online to everyone?

A preliminary answer to this difficult question would be that a lot of people will simultaneously recognize a same kind of “physiological” beauty. Then they will try to buy it, if they can, driven by the idea that they are not alone, but part of a relatively large number of people who love that artist’s work. That is why – as not only Claudia Cargnel says – the request of certain artworks is extraordinary high, even if the curriculum vitae of the artist has no exhibitions, prizes or bibliography on it. It could be just a trend, due to the internet surfers’ appetite for money, but it may also mean something else. It could be the evidence that social networks, blogs and auction houses’ web sites are now informing art people definitely more than traditional art magazines and museums (generally supported by collectors).

Indeed. One can get a pretty decent education in contemporary art by just reading a few blogs and magazines obsessively. The art world may be getting ready for the next stage of evolution after the rise of the art fair model.

Books you need: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

Written by fabiorojas

January 3, 2014 at 12:06 am

Posted in culture, fabio, markets

new year’s eve – the civilized holiday

lipton_2014

 

Fireworks by Laurie Lipton

New Year’s Eve is, I think, the most civilized of our holidays. Consider the following:

  • The whole world celebrates it.
  • No one is excluded based on nation, race, or religion.
  • Expensive gifts aren’t necessary.
  • No one argues with family over holiday dinner.
  • It’s a celebration of the time we spend with each other.
  • We promise to do better.
  • Alcohol is imbibed, but St. Patrick’s style debauchery is not the norm. Apple cider is acceptable. This obviously doesn’t apply to South Philly.

Books for the people: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

 

Written by fabiorojas

January 2, 2014 at 12:01 am

orgtheory 2014

Welcome the New Year! In 2014, I plan to discuss the following topics on the blog:

  1. Fligstein and McAdam’s Theory of Fields – there’s been some subterranean conversation that needs to see the light of day.
  2. Institutionalism – where are we now?
  3. More installments of the Grad Skool Rulz .
  4. Damon Phillip’s book on the structure of jazz music production.
  5. Some more K-street action.
  6. A discussion of Karl Popper and whether “positivism” deserves the scorn it gets in sociology.

And 1. There is an Orgtheory Facebook page. It is now much more active than it used to be. 2. Support the writing of this blog with a purchase of the Grad Skool Rulz book. It’s cheap ($3), available on nearly any device you have, and a lot of people have found the book to be helpful.

Books, books, books, books: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz  

Written by fabiorojas

January 1, 2014 at 12:01 am

the elite college premium, or my debate with shamus continues

Shamus and I have a long standing debate over the 2002 Dale/Krueger paper and whether it really does show that elite college premia are due to ability bias (e.g., kids who go to Harvard make more money because they are smarter/better connected/whatever, not because Harvard gives them any particular human capital). Via Econlog, I discovered thet D&K have a working paper, which bolsters this claim with newer analysis. From the abstract:

We find that the return to college selectivity is sizeable for both cohorts in regression models that  control for variables commonly observed by researchers, such as student high school GPA and SAT scores. However, when we adjust for unobserved student ability by controlling for the average SAT score of the colleges that students applied to, our estimates of the return to college selectivity fall substantially and are generally indistinguishable from zero. There were notable exceptions for certain subgroups. For black and Hispanic students and for students who come from less-educated families (in terms of their parents’ education), the estimates of the return to college selectivity remain large, even in models that adjust for unobserved student characteristics.

In other words, if going to Harvard causes you to get more income, the income associated with going to Harvard should remain unexplained when we control for sensible individual covariates. In the data, when you include data on school you applied to, which indicates how ambitious you are, the Harvard effect goes away, except for low-SES students. 

Bottom line: Elite college attendance is a marker of ambition. That’s important to know, but shouldn’t be conflated with a human capital effect, except for populations which don’t have wealth or social connections.

The best $3 you can buy: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

Written by fabiorojas

December 27, 2013 at 12:01 am

Posted in economics, education, fabio

comments on andrew gelman’s dec 21 post

Last Saturday, Andrew Gelman responded to a post about a discussion in my social network analysis course. In that post, my student asked about different strengths of a network effect reported in a paper. Gelman (and Cosima Shalizi) both noted that the paper does not show a statistically significant difference. I quote the concluding paragraphs of Andrew’s commentary:

I’m doing this all not to rag on Rojas, who, after all, did nothing more than repeat an interesting conversation he had with a curious student. This is just a good opportunity to bring up an issue that occurs a lot in social science: lots of theorizing to explain natural fluctuations that occur in a random sample. (For some infamous examples, see here and here.) The point here is not that some anonymous student made a mistake but rather that this is a mistake that gets made by researchers, journalists, and the general public all the time.

I have no problem with speculation and theory. Just remember that if, as is here, the data are equivocal, that it would be just as valuable to give explanations that go in the opposite direction. The data here are completely consistent with the alternative hypothesis that people follow their spouses more than their friends when it comes to obesity.

Fair enough. Let me add a pedagogical perspective. When I teach network science to undergrads, I generally have a few goals. First, I want to show them how to convert social tie data into a matrix that can be analyzed. Second, I want students to learn how network concepts might operationalize social science concepts (e.g., how group cohesion might be described as high density).  Third, I want to spark their imagination a little and see how network analysis can be used to describe or analyze a wide range of phenomena and thus encourage students to generate explanations. Given that students have very, very modest math skills and real problems generating hypotheses,  getting down into the weeds with the papers is often last.

So when I teach the week on networks and health, my discussion questions are like this: “Why do you think health might be transmitted from one person to another? How would that work?” I also try to get into basic research design: “How do you measure health? Do you know what BMI is?” So the C&F paper has many up sides. The downside is that the paper has an interesting hypotheses and you can easily get distracted from the methodological controversy the paper has generated, or even some very sensible observations on confidence intervals. The bottom line is that when you have to teach everything (theory, methods, research design and topic), you don’t quite get everything. But still, if a student, who self-admitedly knows little math or stats, can get to a point about asking about mechanisms, then that’s a teaching victory.

Post-Christmas blow out: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

Written by fabiorojas

December 26, 2013 at 12:18 am

stop reading this blog, but first buy the books at the bottom, and then spend time with your loved ones

wildflowers

Reward Fabio and yourself: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

Written by fabiorojas

December 25, 2013 at 12:11 am

Posted in fabio

a neo-classical christmas

christmas_econ

From The Atlantic: If economists wrote Christmas cards.

You’ve worked all year, splurge, baby: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

 

Written by fabiorojas

December 24, 2013 at 12:06 am

Posted in economics, fabio

festivus orgtheory

festivus

Happy Festivus. In honor of the Airing of Grievances and the Feats of Strength, I now celebrate all the people who have hated on me this past year (or ever):

If you got a beef with Fabio, Festivus is your day. Use the comments, but rule #6 will be applied liberally.

The best book on grad school advice you can buy: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

Written by fabiorojas

December 23, 2013 at 8:03 am

that philly groove, latin style

The insanely under appreciated Bobby Matos.

Every book purchase goes to my stamp collection: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 22, 2013 at 12:01 am

Posted in fabio, fun

data science vs. statistician

Statisician-vs-Data-Scientist2

A recent news report shows that “data scientist” is being searched more than “statistician“. A few notes: what this suggests to me is that traditional academic disciplines can no longer contain the skill set needed to manipulate and analyze big data. Too applied for math. Too CS for stats. Social science programs are too focused on topic and substance. We already have “informatics,” but now it will further split into a group that does big data handling vs. other tasks. I hope they maintain an applied focus and don’t retreat into algorithms for algorithms sake.

$3 is cheap for top notch career advice: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz 

Written by fabiorojas

December 21, 2013 at 4:58 am

Posted in fabio, mere empirics

friends vs. spouses in influence

After reading the Fowler/Christakis paper on networks and obesity, a student asked why it was that friends had a stronger influence on spouses. In other words, if we believe the F&C paper, they report that your friends (57%) are more likely to transmit obesity than your spouse (37%) (see page 370).

This might be interpreted in two ways. First, it might be seen as a counter argument. This might really indicate that homophily is at work. We probably select spouses for some traits that are not self-similar. While we choose friends mainly on self-similarity of leisure and consumption (e.g, diet and exercise). Second, there might be an explanation based on transmission. We choose friends because we want them to influence us, while spouses are (supposed?) to accept us.

Your thoughts?

Need a Hanukkah gift? Kwanzaa? Try these great books!: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 20, 2013 at 12:01 am

undersea cables of the world

cables

 

Every home needs one: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 19, 2013 at 12:01 am

Posted in fabio, the man

mean girls, part deux

“There’s a literature on everything.” – Tyler Cowen

Yup, it turns out that not only is there is a network analysis literature on mean girls, but it has been published in the ASR. I quote from an article by Bob Faris and Diane Felmlee called “Status Struggles: Network Centrality and Gender Segregation in Same- and Cross-Gender Aggression:”

Literature on aggression often suggests that individual deficiencies, such as social incompetence, psychological difficulties, or troublesome home environments, are responsible for aggressive behavior. In this article, by contrast, we examine aggression from a social network perspective, arguing that social network centrality, our primary measure of peer status, increases the capacity for aggression and that competition to gain or maintain status motivates its use. We test these arguments using a unique longitudinal dataset that enables separate consideration of same- and cross-gender aggression. We find that aggression is generally not a maladjusted reaction typical of the socially marginal; instead, aggression is intrinsic to status and escalates with increases in peer status until the pinnacle of the social hierarchy is attained. Over time, individuals at the very bottom and those at the very top of a hierarchy become the least aggressive youth. We also find that aggression is influenced not so much by individual gender differences as by relationships with the other gender and patterns of gender segregation at school. When cross-gender interactions are plentiful, aggression is diminished. Yet these factors are also jointly implicated in peer status: in schools where cross-gender interactions are rare, cross-gender friendships create status distinctions that magnify the consequences of network centrality.

Highly recommended.

Protect yourself from mean girls! Buy these books:  From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 18, 2013 at 12:01 am

Posted in education, fabio, networks

network analysis vs. public choice

I just wrapped up my undergrad course in networks for seniors. Near the end, in the week on networks and crime, we discussed Papachristos’ work on homicide in Chicago. If you haven’t read it, he has a very rich data set on gangs and traces the back and forth of gang revenge homicides. Great stuff. So I asked my students: “You are the police and now you have read this research, what did you learn?”

Student 1: You should target the most central gangs. They seem to generate a lot of violence.

Me: Good, what else?

Student 1: Since a lot seems to focus on revenge, maybe police should focus on friends of homicide victims. Maybe counsel them so they won’t get revenge and keep the cycle going.

Student 2: That would never work.

Me: Why?

Student 2: The cops gets no credit for counseling. Only for arrests.

Bingo. Great insight. In other words, we have a lot of good data on homicides and we know that a lot of it has to do with gang/revenge cycles. And that implies a solution – go after survivors and do what you can to keep them from acting out. But it is very hard to see how anyone could ever be rewarded in the system where people get promoted for arrests rather than crime prevention. It’s sad that you need have someone murdered first before you can be praised for being a good cop.

If people buy $500 of my books by Christmas, I will leave David Graeber alone: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 17, 2013 at 12:10 am

Posted in fabio, networks, sociology

more tweets, more votes: in foreign policy, PLoS One, and hitting the top 10 list

More Tweets, More Votes news:

  1. I thank Alex Hanna for mentioning this work in a new Foreign Policy piece that discusses how social media can be used to monitor elections in nations where polling is rare, a possibility that I mentioned in my Washington Post article on MTMV. Alex and co-author Kevin Harris use social media data to track Iranian public opinion, because quality polling is not common there. A must read for people who want to see how social media can be used to measure and evaluate democratic processes.
  2. The peer reviewed version of MTMV is now out in PLoS One. The paper presents the tweet share/vote share correlation for the 2010 and 2012 House elections and discusses possible mechanisms.
  3. The working paper version of MTMV at Social Science Research Network has had over 1,200 downloads in its short life, pushing it into the top 10 most downloaded papers on models of elections and political processes at SSRN. Congratulations to my co-authors Joe DiGrazia, Karissa McKelvey, and Johan Bollen. Outstanding work.

Insider tip: New results be presented at the computational social science workshop at the University of Chicago in January 2014. Details forthcoming.

These books cure baldness: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 16, 2013 at 12:01 am

recorda-me, please, recorda-me

The bass intro bakes the cake.

Fabio needs a new pair of shoes! Buy these book!: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 15, 2013 at 4:45 am

Posted in fabio, fun

ok, kids, out of the pool – we need to talk about the commenting rules

Everybody get on the bench. Yes, that includes you, Ramirez. I know you have to use the bathroom, but you can hold it for a little while I talk – ok?

Alright, this is about the comment policy. Ever since we started in 2006, our policy has been to let people say whatever they want. I can’t speak for everyone, but I can speak for myself. I have always felt that intellectual life should be based on evaluating the merits of argument, not the rank of the person. So I always hate it when one guy hogs up the class discussion, or people pull back just because the speaker is a fancy chair at some big university.* That’s why we generally let most comments stand. High school students and full professors all sit at the same table.

But we occasionally edit comments or delete them. Here are the rules. Follow them and no one gets hurt:

  1. We delete all spam.
  2. We will ban commenters who obsessively repeat the same points over and over, regardless of context.
  3. We delete comments that are personal attacks on individuals.
  4. We delete comments that use profanity or sexually explicit/offesnive material.
  5. The Sherkat Exemption: Professor Sherkat of Southern Illinois University is exempt from Rule #4.
  6. Each orgtheory crew member reserves the right to delete comments as they see fit.

It’s not a hard rule, but I’ve also deleted a few comments that were nothing more than grousing. If you hate this blog, go read another one. Write your own. It’s not a required class.

I don’t censor for political opinions, genuine academic disagreements or anything else that is a real engagement with the topics we cover at orgtheory.

Agree? Good. There’s little cups of Gatorade on the table by the Pepsi machine.

* Yes, IU groupies, I’m referring to the Bobo incident.

Stocking Stuffers for the Scholar in Your Life: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

 

Written by fabiorojas

December 10, 2013 at 7:06 pm

Posted in academia, blogs, fabio

one hit wonders in academia

One of the more interesting questions in evaluation an individual’s academic performance is the “one hit wonder” issue. An academic, like any other producer of ideas, might have a single great achievement and produce little else in their career. And I don’t mean a big hit followed by a more modest stream of works. I mean, a big it in grad school or shortly thereafter, with very little else after that.

Outside of academia, one hit wonders present no problems to people who hand out rewards. Music fans just buy what they like, coaches cut athletes from the roster. In academia, this is trickier. First, it is often hard to tell if someone is a one hit wonder or not. Second, some types of research are just slow. We don’t want to punish a ethnographer, just because their CV doesn’t look like a demographer’s. Third, the tenure committee or dean may run into trouble if they suspect that the person won’t do much in the future. How can you fire the person who wrote a classic?

Promoting, or rewarding, one hit wonders incurs risk because professors do more than research. They teach undergraduates, mentor PhD students, do administrative work, and help out the profession by participating in conferences, peer review, editing journals, and other professional functions. Thus, we want sustained engagement from everyone who achieves a degree of stature, such as a tenured position at a reputable university. Also, a long period of inactivity may, rightly or wrongly, suggest that the person is not managing their talent well, or that the hit was a fluke.

In the end, I go on a case by case basis. If the hit was truly epochal, I’m happy to give them a job for life. A little deadwood is fine if we can get the cure for cancer in exchange. But that’s exceptionally rare. From an institution’s perspective, though, you reward people with an eye for the future. It ain’t like paying the guy who just fixed your clogged sink. You have to live with this person for decades.

Sacred Texts, Special Lives: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 9, 2013 at 6:37 am

Posted in academia, fabio

now, for some jazz calypso

Your spouse will thank you for finishing up that PhD: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 8, 2013 at 5:05 am

Posted in culture, fabio

anarchism and occupy wall street

Anarchism week: #1 Social theory; #2 OWS and public image.

A few comments, in no order, about  anarchism and OWS:

  1. OWS is probably the most important anarchist event in about 100 years of American history. Probably more important than the Battle of Seattle, in my view. You would really have to go back to the late 1800s when people really did fear anarchists.
  2. OWS represents a rebranding (sorry!!!) of American anarchism from black masks to (mostly) non-violent protest.
  3. It is an open question of how much anarchist identity penetrates the movement. It’s safe to say that anarchist egalitarian practices dominate, but does the average participant buy into a goal of a stateless society?
  4. Black bloc: OWS made anarchism come above ground. In my field work on the antiwar movement, I always found it a little disappointing that people resorted to the black bloc and often hid their identities. I am glad that OWS had allowed this movement to have a public face.
  5. Did OWS push distinctly anarchist ideas beyond organizational structure? Unclear to me.
  6. Question: Is OWS an distinctly American anarchism?
  7. Question: Will anarchism go underground again, or can OWS be used as a stepping stone to more fully integrate anarchism into American politics and culture?

Use the comments section.

Get your PhD TODAY!!!: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 5, 2013 at 6:32 am

the one where fabio gets into a twitter argument with david graeber

On Saturday, Liberationtech tweeted the post I wrote about Occupy Wall Street and its organizational tactics. This led to a direct exchange between David “The Debt” Graeber and myself. The thread touched on an number of topics, but we seemed to get stuck on the issue of impression management.

One commenter, Brett Fujioka, pointed out that open structures, like OWS, allow kooks to associate themselves with the movement. He used the extreme (but real) example of when David Duke openly praised Occupy Wall Street. This could damage OWS’ reputation. Even though the example is skewed, one could point less extreme examples of where openness can lead to damaging the brand. For example, there was a series of Occupy events in Oakland that resulted in vandalism at city  hall. Due to its open structure, it is not easy to dissociate oneself from such actions.

When I raised the issues of branding, David said that just by using the word he knew all he needed to know about me. I was impressed by his ability to treat a 140 character tweet like a zip file. Then he said he couldn’t believe he was even having this conversation. I said, “yet, here we are.” He then told me that this conversation was over… and then he tweeted me again. The Graebs lives up to his reputation.

Anyway, my overall point is that social movements vary a great deal in their internal organization. Despite what Dave-G said, some “real democratic” movements actually spent a great deal of time making sure they had the right image or brand. The civil rights movement was notoriously obsessed with image. Perhaps OWS is really a movement that eschews any connection at all with the mainstream. But lots of other successful and important movements rely on external help, which is one of the core lessons of modern movement research. And to do that, you have to be careful about how the outside world sees you.

UPDATE: W. Winecoff notes on twitter that “Occupy Wall Street” is a brand and “99%” is a slogan. Man, what we think of after the argument is over!

Support Indie Books!: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 3, 2013 at 2:50 am

Posted in fabio, social movements

anarchism week at orgtheory

What the heck, let’s do anarchism week. Let’s start with the following conversation I had at the end of my social theory class a few semesters ago. A student approached me and asked why I didn’t teach anarchism in the course. There’s a few good reasons, but not so strong that you couldn’t include it if you really wanted to.

First, the goal of my social theory class is to have people read original texts written by seminal social thinkers. This doubles as a sort of Western civ (since IU doesn’t require it) and people need to understand the core arguments of sociology. So we hit the “classics,” the interactionists, feminists, French theory,* and a little evolutionary psych. The course also needs to prepare a handful of students who will continue in soc, poli sci, or other fields at the graduate level.

Second, I teach things that really drive discussion in contemporary sociology, which means that that many topics, including those dear to my heart, must get cut. Since there are very few anarchist sociologists, or research that uses an anarchist perspective, it means that it simply isn’t a priority.

But that doesn’t mean that anarchism isn’t a real social theory or that it should be actively excluded. In contrast, there’s now a body of anarchist themed social writings, mainly in fields other than sociology. For example, anthropologist David Graeber’s writings should count. James Scott, the political scientist, has written about statelessness at length. There are the classic anarchists, like Prodhoun, and feminist anarchists like Emma Goldman. You have right wing anarchists like economist Murray Rothbard or philosopher Michael Huemer. Then you have empirical studies of statelessness like Pete Leeson’s pirate book.

In other words, you have more than enough material and it’s high quality material. But it’s definitely not central to sociology (yet?), so you don’t feel guilty cutting it. But the social theory course isn’t set in stone. I am already tiring of French theory and other topics, so it may be time to rotate some new material in.

Fight the Power … with these books!: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

* Remember, I don’t teach postmodernism anymore.

Written by fabiorojas

December 2, 2013 at 12:05 am

Posted in fabio, just theory

linsky

Recuerdos de Alhambra performed by Jeff Linsky and Byron Yasui.

The Truth, The Truth: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

December 1, 2013 at 3:00 am

actually, obama can do a lot to stop deportations and it’s kind of obvious

A few days ago, Ju Hong heckled President Obama at a speech. He asked the President to sign an executive order to stop deportations. The President said that he did not have the power to do so and that Congress would have to change the law. This is just plain wrong. While it is certainly true that Congress writes the law, the executive branch has a lot of freedom in choosing which laws to enforce and how to enforce them.  For example, the state and local police don’t give tickets to every single person on the highway who drives 61 miles per hour or faster. The police make all kinds of judgments about when the infraction should be punished. And this is a standard feature of being a prosecutor. You actually have discretion.

At the Federal level, it is very clear that the modern presidency has accumulated a great deal of discretion in how to enforce the law. For example:

  • Signing statements – apparently, lots of presidents have gotten away with ignoring laws they find inconvenient.
  • Pardons – if a law is deemed to be wildly unjust, the President can just pardon people en mass. For example, President Carter pardoned a couple of million people who evaded the draft.
  • Executive order – Obama could easily produce a legal argument that deporting someone causes great economic harm and separates them from their family, and thus constitutes harsh punishment for the administrative violation of coming to America without the right paper work. Then, he could instruct the federal department (DHS) to simply suspend deportations, especially of minors, because it is unconstitutional.

In other words, a legal system that allows presidents to kidnap people and send them to Guantanamo forever could easily be mustered to prevent the deportation of the guy with the leaf blower. It ain’t that hard.

The Key to Enlightenment: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

November 29, 2013 at 12:01 am

Posted in current events, fabio

tofurkey

Show some gratitude and get these books: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

November 28, 2013 at 12:12 am

on getting booted from a journal

True story: In 2012, I reviewed a paper for a journal. I thought it was a good paper. With some modest revision, it could probably be accepted at a top journal. In summer 2013, I was asked to review the revision. At this point, I had learned that the journal had a notorious reputation for sending papers through three or four rounds of review and rejecting them after years of lengthy revisions.

So, I wrote to the managing editor and said that I was a bit worried about the multiple R&R policy. I didn’t want to be part of an extremely long R&R process unless there was a high probability that it would lead to publication. What is the point of me offering guidance when it is all thrown away as the authors try to make a third or fourth round of reviewers happy? It is unfair to everyone.

The managing editor offered a diplomatic answer. In general, they can’t discuss the state of a manuscript that is under review. Aside from that, the manager noted the paper was only on the first round as indicated by the “R1.” Fair enough.

I agree to review the paper because I don’t want the author to be stuck with a completely new reviewer with new demands. So I tell the journal that I will help out. In an attempt to humorously convey my concerns, I wrote back: “Ok, but if we go into triple R&R territory, your bosses will receive aggressive email from me.” The response, in its entirety:

Thank you again for your thoughts concerning this manuscript.  Unfortunately, we are unable to accept your offer of review in terms that would constitute prior restraints on the possible outcome of the review process.

Interesting. Expressing disagreement with a policy is viewed as a “constraint.” Go figure. The up side is that I now have more time for reviews at other journals. The down side is that the authors(s) will probably get a new reviewer who is almost certainly slower than me and will definitely ask for a whole new set of revisions. Since I can’t break confidentiality, I can only vaguely express a vaguely directed apology for the problems that the author will now have to deal with. And the possibility of three more R&Rs and a rejection at the end.

This happened in August and I haven’t received any more requests for reviews, when I used to get requests all the time. So if you ever wondered what it would take to get banned from a journal’s reviewer roster, all it takes is some criticism of the editors’ quadruple R&R rejection policy.

Special collector’s editions: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

November 27, 2013 at 12:01 am

Posted in academia, fabio

cohen in the ny times

Sociologist and blogger Phil Cohen has an op-ed in the NY Times on gender inequality. Here’s a key clip:

The assumption of continuous progress has become so ingrained that critics now write as if the feminist steamroller has already reached its destination. The journalists Hanna Rosin (“The End of Men”) and Liza Mundy (“The Richer Sex”) proclaimed women’s impending dominance. The conservative authors Kay S. Hymowitz (“Manning Up”) and Christina Hoff Sommers (“The War Against Boys”) worried that feminist progress was undermining masculinity and steering men toward ruin.

But in fact, the movement toward equality stopped. The labor force hit 46 percent female in 1994, and it hasn’t changed much since. Women’s full-time annual earnings were 76 percent of men’s in 2001, and 77 percent in 2011. Although women do earn a majority of academic degrees, their specialties pay less, so that earnings even for women with doctorate degrees working full time are 77 percent of men’s. Attitudinal changes also stalled. In two decades there has been little change in the level of agreement with the statement, “It is much better for everyone involved if the man is the achiever outside the home and the woman takes care of the home and family.”

After two steps forward, we were unprepared for the abrupt slowdown on the road to gender equality. We can make sense of the current predicament, however — and gain a better sense of how to resume our forward motion — if we can grasp the forces that drove the change in the first place.

Read the whole thing.

The Family that Reads Together, Stays Together: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

 

 

Written by fabiorojas

November 26, 2013 at 12:22 am

the one where they play that hadyn concerto we all had to work on in high school

Written by fabiorojas

November 24, 2013 at 12:01 am

Posted in culture, fabio

enlightenment era networks

From “Brain Pickings.”

Two Turntables and Awesome Sauce: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

November 23, 2013 at 12:01 am

Posted in fabio, networks

if you aren’t part of the journal review time solution, you’re part of the problem

One of the most frustrating aspects of social science reviewing is the slow review time. Gabriel Rossman says that we are the problem. Rather than focus on what can be easily fixed or provide up or down decisions, reviewers take too long, offer contradictory recommendations, and encourage bloated papers. If I were to summarize Gabriel’s post, I’d say that:

  1. Keep your review short. Don’t write that 6 page single space commentary. One page or so probably enough in most cases
  2. Don’t whine about what the authors should have written about. Evaluate what they actually wrote about.
  3. Be decisive. Yes or no.
  4. Don’t ask for endless citations, commentaries, extra analyses, etc.
  5. All suggestions should be constructive, not busy work.
  6. Let it go: after a while, it becomes counter productive. If you hate, just say so. If you like it, just say so. No more revisions. It’s done.

I also like Gabriel’s suggestion that reviewers should show some spine. In the summer, I was asked to review a 3rd R&R. My entire response was “Dude, seriously? Three R&R’s? Just accept it.” Result: paper accepted.

The True Word: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

 

Written by fabiorojas

November 22, 2013 at 12:01 am

Posted in academia, fabio

fabio works for tips

Desperate for a workshop speaker? Send me an email. My topics:

  • The politics of the antiwar movement after 9/11
  • Black Power/Black Studies
  • More tweets, more votes: social media as a measurement of public opinion
  • Knowledge and practice in infection control – new project on the organizational behavior of hospitals

I’ll do it for free if I can drive there. If you pick up transportation costs, I come cheap. If anyone in NYC wants me to visit in Mar/April/May, I will work for tips.

PS. I have two topics for grad student groups: grad skool rulz and public sociology. Undergrads may enjoy a discussion of my manuscript in progress on social theory.

The True Word: From Black Power/Grad Skool Rulz

Written by fabiorojas

November 21, 2013 at 12:01 am

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